Coconut Crab - Birgus latro
The huge Coconut Crab, Birgus latro (Decapoda - Coenobitidae), holds the reputation of being the largest terrestrial arthropod in the world, and with good reason, described by Darwin as “monstrous”, Brigus latro can reach up to 1 m from leg tip to leg tip.
Despite being a hermit crab, the Coconut Crab differs from the other members of its family in that it does not inhabit a gastropod shell as an adult. Only the very small coconut crab juveniles find and use gastropod shells to protect their soft-skinned abdomen as they develop. Larger juveniles abandon the shell-carrying habit and instead an increase in calcification of the abdominal integument and a decrease in the surface-to-volume ratio of the body help the adult individual to minimize water loss. In addition, this crab can secrete into the branchial chambers a material that forms a mucus-like fluid, capable of resisting evaporation.
This crustacean has large muscular claws which are used for husking coconuts and opening the shell to eat the flesh. This is a unique behavior amongst crabs and explains why this species is called the Coconut Crab.
Birgus latro is widely distributed throughout the western Pacific and eastern Indian Oceans, occurring almost exclusively on oceanic islands or small offshore islets adjacent to large continental islands.
Also known as Palm Thief, and Robber Crab, throughout its range the coconut crab is considered a highly desirable food item among local populations. On islands uninhabited by man, the coconut crab is among the largest of terrestrial animals and is relatively free of predators. On islands with human populations, crabs are harvested for food and are less abundant than on comparable islands where man is not present.
Izumrudnye Kopi area, Malyshevo, Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk), Sverdlovskaya Oblast’, Middle Urals, Urals Region, Russia.
When I was little, I used to think it was silly that they put the “external use only” label on bottles because no one would want to eat a bottle of aloe vera, but after reading fanfiction, I know who those warnings are meant for
UNTIL I READ THIS I GENUINELY STILL THOUGHT THAT THE PURPOSE OF THOSE LABELS WAS TO STOP PEOPLE EATING THE PRODUCT
Leaf bug (Phyllium giganteum)
The constant wobbling as they move is a part of their disguise, making it seem as though the “leaf” is only moving because of a light breeze.
If you blow on one it will also shake around in the hopes of matching any actual surrounding leaves
this is a pokemon